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African-American History Survey, 1400-1860

Citation Help

Digital Manuscript Materials Citation Help: 

  • Library of Congress Chicago Primary Source Citation Page- The best one stop shop for primary source citations when you are looking for help with digital sources. It breaks down any type of medium you might use for a paper and gives you a lot of examples to get you comfortable with any format. 
  • Trent University Chicago Style Citation Website- This website from Trent University in Canada has a lot of great examples of citations from digital archival collections to citations from paper collections. For your paper, you will need both. 

Paper Manuscript Citation Help: 

  • The Chicago Manual of Style Online (Atkins Library Database) - This is the one-stop shop for all of your Chicago Style citation needs including a quick citation style guide and a Q&A section. 
  • Chicago Manual Style: Purdue Online Writing Lab- This is the tried and true Purdue OWL website. This website includes a variety of a breakdown of what is needed for a citation and sample papers. 
  • Manuscript Citation Worksheet- You will get a citation worksheet during your first class at the Archives and it will give you a breakdown of a real citation an example you can look to when you have to write your paper. 

Cursive Help

By the People- This website from the Library of Congress allows you to do transcriptions of documents in cursive. This can give you some practice with different types of cursive. 

Tips for Reading Old Handwriting from This article from breaks down different ways of how to read old handwriting. It also includes great tips that focus on differences in speech from the 1800s including using the term "cousin" to mean "niece" or "nephew" and the constant fact that a long s can look like an f.